Diabetes is a metabolic disease where the body does not produce or properly use insulin. This can lead to high blood sugar levels and other health problems.
This is a disease that changes how you live. It turns everything around for you food to your routine. People with diabetes often have to monitor their blood sugar levels closely. This is because diabetes can affect how the body processes sugar. When blood sugar levels are not properly managed, it can lead to serious health problems, including nerve damage, kidney disease, and heart disease.
This article will focus on how diabetes affects bone healing.
Bone healing is a complex process that requires a healthy balance of hormones and nutrients.
The process of bone healing begins with a fracture or broken bone. The body responds to a fracture by releasing cells and proteins that create a blood clot at the site of the break. This blood clot is necessary to stop the bleeding and provide a foundation for new bone growth.
This clot works as the base on which the bone growth cells work and mature while repairing the bones. But how will diabetes affect this growth? Here we have explained the answer to your question.
Effect of blood sugar on bone remodeling
The Effect of blood sugar on bone remodeling is a complex process that requires a healthy balance of hormones and nutrients. When blood sugar levels are not properly managed they effect all the organs processing and forming your blood cells.
This can also affect the process of bone healing, as high blood sugar levels can interfere with the body’s ability to produce the necessary hormones and proteins for new bone growth. This can lead to longer healing times, increased risk of infection, and other complications.
Delayed recovery after pathological fractures
Diabetics are at increased risk for non-union, delayed union or pathological fracture of bone following surgery. This is principally due to the metabolic derangements associated with diabetes including peripheral vascular disease resulting in poor circulation, neuropathy causing loss of sensation, and poor glycemic control resulting in impaired differentiation of cells that repair bone. The differentiating bone repairing cells are responsible for bone remodeling and repair.
Complications associated with deficiencies
Calcium deficiency is another reason why diabetes effects bone healing, because calcium is the most important mineral which is needed in order to form new bones.
Diabetes can also cause low levels of vitamin D. When vitamin D levels are low, the body is not able to properly absorb calcium. This can lead to a deficiency in calcium, which is essential for bone growth and healing. Low vitamin D levels can also cause the body to produce less of the hormone osteocalcin, which is necessary for new bone growth.
Healing of a bone delayed makes it prone to several diseases. Hence, diabetes makes your skeleton susceptible to all these bone disorders.
People with diabetes are at increased risk for osteopenia and osteoporosis, due to the combined effect of poor blood sugar control over a period of time.
High risk of bone disorders
Additionally, high levels of insulin can cause certain problems in the body. Insulin causes calcium to be removed from bones so it can be used for blood clotting, which can lead to osteoporosis.
People with diabetes are also more likely to develop arthritis than those without the disease. Diabetes can damage nerves in the body, which can make you less able to feel pain or discomfort around a bone. This may cause minor injuries to go unnoticed and untreated. If they barge on for a long duration of injuries can cause bone infections.
Consult the doctor for
The best way to manage diabetes is by making healthy choices. Eat well, exercise regularly, and take medications as prescribed. Though the effects of diabetes may not be reversed but it can surely be managed with timely care. Consult your doctor for a proper medication and treatment plan .In case you need to see a doctor you can find Orthopedic Surgeon in Doctors Hospital Lahore or Orthopedic Surgeon in Boulevard Hospital