Tropical plants, such as dwarf date palm, pothos, peace lily, philodendron, aloe, and dracaena, do not only increase the aesthetic value of your property. Studies show that having such indoor flora can also help clean the surrounding air, reduce stress levels, and enhance your life.
Many tropical plants do not only survive in countries or regions with such climate. This means that you can still grow one even if you live in the arctic regions. To help you care for tropical plants, here’s a guide you can follow:
Like many other plants, tropical flora need water to survive. However, you should be careful not to overwater or underwater them. The former can cause root rot while the latter may cause brown tips, dry leaves, leaf curling, leaf drop, and wilting.
It’s also important to note that the water you give your plants should be at room temperature. Extremely hot water can damage the cell structure and root system of the flora, while cold water can cause wilting and root shock.
In addition, water requirements vary for each type of tropical plant. That said, you should do some research on how much water your plant needs. You may search for it online or ask a nursery specialist or a garden centre.
Every plant needs light for photosynthesis. Without it, they won’t be able to produce the food they need to survive. Since tropical flora come from regions with warm temperatures, a bright window with some direct sunlight is an ideal setting for them. But some of them thrive in lower light. Ivies, ponytail palm, snake plant, watermelon peperomia, and pothos are some examples of such tropical flora.
To check if your tropical plant requires more sunlight, look out for pale or yellowing leaves. But if you see brown spots on the leaves, then it’s a sign that the plant you have is burning from too much direct sunlight.
Giving your tropical floras fertilizer is advisable, especially during the growing season. It can help them grow healthy and strong. However, like water, giving too much fertilizer to your plants won’t be beneficial for them as it can lead to fertilizer burn.
Not all fertilizers available on the market are also good for your tropical flora. So, it would be best to ask your nursery specialist for the type of fertilizer that would benefit the kind of tropical plant you have.
When growing tropical flora, potting mixes are a better option compared to garden soil. Such plants prefer an acidic, fertile, loose, and well-drained soil high in organic matter, which you can find in potting mixes.
The best container for your flora would depend on the type of tropical plant you have. Clay or terra cotta is often recommended. But if your flora requires high moisture, then a plastic or a poly-resin pot is for you, as it can keep the soil moist for a long period.
Many pots on the market have drainage holes in the bottom or lower sides. But you can also use those with no drainage. Just make sure to place some gravel or rocks at the bottom of the container so your plant won’t sit on the standing water for a long time.
Insects or plant pests can feed on your tropical flora. Some of the most common types of pests you can find on your plants include bacteria, fungi, caterpillars, moths, beetles, mites, and thrips.
You’ll know your plant has been infested by looking out for signs such as white or yellow spots, brown patches on leaves, circular holes on leaves, defoliation, borer holes, insect frass, root gall, and chewed foliage. The good news is that you can prevent such infestation through good sanitation and horticultural practices. These include removing weeds and affected plant parts as well as improving operational and environmental conditions.
Start Growing Tropical Floras Today!
Tropical plants aren’t so hard to grow and care for. Simply follow the guide above and you’ll successfully grow tropical flora in your home. And in case you need more pieces of advice, don’t hesitate to reach out to your trusted nursery specialist or a garden centre. They’ll surely be more than happy to assist you with your needs. Contact them now!