It is scary to have a congenital heart condition. Yet, understanding what your health condition brings to the table could help you make better health adjustments. There are various types of genetic heart conditions that one could suffer. The following information summarizes the different heart conditions you could get and their symptoms. It will help in conquering congenital heart disease.
It is a rare heart present at birth. It highlights a wrongly positioned tricuspid valve, meaning that this valve’s flaps are malformed. Since the valve is not wholly functional, blood could leak back into the heart from time to time.
Various symptoms show that you have this condition. Unfortunately, these symptoms will start showing when you are an adult. You could experience shortness of breath, fatigue, abnormal heart rhythms, and bluish skin discoloration.
A hole in the septum characterizes an atrial septal congenital heart defect. Usually, this hole sits in the septum that divides the upper chambers of your heart. Its severity depends on the size of the hole, requiring surgery if the gap is significant.
There are two forms of septal defects: atrial and ventricular. Atrial septal defect shows a hole in the atrium, while a hole in the ventricles characterizes ventricular congenital heart condition.
Unfortunately, this condition might not manifest its symptoms until it becomes severe. In such instances, you’ll experience difficulty breathing, rapid breathing, recurring respiratory infections, and rapid breathing. Treatment will also depend on the size of the hole. While there is no known medication to handle such holes, expect surgery in case of severity.
Tetralogy of Fallot
This is a heart issue with various defects. A heart will have a right ventricular hypertrophy, ventricular septal defect, an overriding aorta and pulmonary valve stenosis in this condition.
The ventricular septal defect presents a hole between the two ventricles, while the pulmonary valve stenosis narrows the pulmonary valve. An overriding aorta is one out of its natural position, while right ventricular hypertrophy thickens the right ventricle. This defect allows oxygenated and non-oxygenated blood to mix. That means the overall amount of oxygen in the blood will be much lower than usual. In turn, a baby could appear blue.
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Aortic valve stenosis congenital heart defect is relatively common today. It highlights the narrowing of the aortic valve opening, restricting blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta. This restriction could also put undue pressure on the right atrium.
This condition comes with various symptoms, including chest pain, abnormal heart sounds, dizziness, and a rapid heartbeat. You could also experience shortness of breath, not gaining enough weight, and not eating enough.
In severe cases, this condition could result in heart failure. That means you could end up with swollen ankles, swollen feet, shortness of breath, and excessive fatigue. A medical expert will help you manage this condition better, especially if you discover it on time.
In conclusion, congenital heart conditions are commonplace. Discovering them on time could help you manage most of these conditions better, allowing you to live much longer. The insights above will help in this process.